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Afghan Historical Figures

Mirwais Khan Hotak (Mirwais Neka)

میرویس نیکه

Mīrwais Khān Hotak (Pashto: مير ويس خان هوتک‎), also known as Shāh Mirwais Ghiljī (Pashto: شاه ميرويس غلجي‎) (1673 – November 1715), was an influential tribal chief of the Ghilji Pashtuns from Kandahar, Afghanistan, who founded the Hotak dynasty that existed from 1709 to 1738. After revolting and killing the Safavid Persian governor over the region, Gurgin Khan in April 1709, he declared the Loy Kandahar (“Greater Kandahar”) region in what is now southern Afghanistan independent. He is widely known as Mīrwais Nīkə (ميرويس نيکه) or Mīrwais Bābā (ميرويس بابا, “Mirwais the father”) in the Pashto language.

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Ahmad Shah Durrani (Ahmad Shah Baba)

احمد شاه بابا

Ahmad Shāh Durrānī (c. 1723 – 1773) (Pashto/Persian: احمد خان درانی), also known as Ahmad Shāh Abdālī (Pashto/Persian: احمد خان ابدالی) and born as Ahmad Khān Abdālī, was the founder of the Durrani Empire and is regarded by many to be the founder of modern Afghanistan.[2] The Pashtuns of Afghanistan often call him Bābā (“father”). He also used the title “pearl of pearls,” or “pearl of the age” (Durr-i-Durrani), hence the name of his dynasty.

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Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi

سلطان محمود غزنوی

Mahmud of Ghazni (محمود غزنوی; November 971 – 30 April 1030), also known as Mahmūd-i Zābulī (محمود زابلی), was the most prominent ruler of the Ghaznavid Empire. He conquered the eastern Iranian lands, modern Afghanistan, and the northwestern Indian subcontinent (modern Pakistan) from 997 to his death in 1030. Mahmud turned the former provincial city of Ghazna into the wealthy capital of an extensive empire that covered most of today’s Afghanistan, eastern Iran, and Pakistan

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King Amanullah Khan

غازی امان الله خان

Amānullāh Khān (Pashto: امان الله خان‎) was the sovereign of the Kingdom of Afghanistan from 1919 to 1929, first as Emir and after 1926 as Malik (King). After the third Anglo-Afghan War, Afghanistan was able to pursue an independent foreign policy free from the influence of the United Kingdom, and his rule was marked by dramatic political and social change. He was the first Afghan ruler who attempted to modernize Afghanistan.

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